The remains of this city, the most important archaeological site ‘romano-mallorquín’, are the worthy vestige of the passage of the Roman Republic trough Balearic Islands. Founded by the Balearic Consul Quintus Caecilius Metellus, was the cause of the transfer of the capital of the Balearic Islands to the current Alcudia town, village that we must visit, on the North of the island, to contemplate an historic ensemble of great value.
This route is found in Mallorca since 123 b.c. It marked an important change in the racking commercial of the time, because the two ports linked to the city allowed the active participation of the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean commercial activity of the Roman Empire.
Different studies have catalogued its structure as one of the typical provincial towns. The roman Pollentia managed to keep his status within the peripheral organization of Rome until the 4th century a.c.. At that point the heart of the city slowly turned off and finally it was transformed into a necropolis.
However, it is important to highlight his glorious moment, when the Emperor Augustus commanded the urban development of Pollentia and the city came to span across 16 hectares around the Forum and the residential area. Also a theatre was built, and we can visit its ruins in our travel to the Majorcan site, in addition to three necropolises on the outskirts.
Currently, the excavations are still on to bring out the whole perimeter of the ancient city. This assignment is reinforced every summer with the work of students of Archaeology at the universities of Barcelona, Granada and La Laguna.
Imagen en Creative Commons or Public Domain: Wikicommons/Frank Vincentz